BERGSON (Berkson), assimilated Warsaw family, descended from the court factor samuel zbitkower (d. 1800). Most of the children of his second wife, Judith Levi of Frankfurt on the Oder, were given a secular education, and converted to Christianity, founding the Fraenkel, Oesterreicher, and Flatau families which played an important role in Polish economic life. BER (Berek), Zbitkower's son by his first wife, alone remained Jewish, and under Prussian rule adopted the family name Sonnenberg. He and his wife, Tamar (Temerl), built a synagogue in the Praga suburb of Warsaw in 1807. Their home became a meeting place for the Ḥasidim in Poland. Their sons, Jacob, Leopold, and Michael, took the name Bergson (or Berkson, "son of Berek"). Members of the family included JOSEPH BERGSON (1812–?), a lecturer in medicine at Warsaw University (1841–61), and the musician michael bergson (1820–1898), father of the most celebrated member of the family, the philosopher henri bergson . Active in the Warsaw community was MICHAEL BERGSON, the son of Leopold, who served as president of the community from 1896 to 1918. Other family members were bankers and manufacturers. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A.N. Frenk, Meshumodim in Poyln, 1 (1923); I. Schipper (ed.), Żydzi w Polsce odrodzonej, 1 (1932), 481; J. Shatzky, Di Geshikhte fun Yidn in Varshe, 3 vols. (1947–53), index; A. Levinson, Toledot Yehudei Varshah (1953), 204; EG, 1 (1953), 235–54. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Guterman, Kehillat Varshah bein Shetei Milḥamot Olam (1977), Index. (Nathan Michael Gelber)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • BERGSON (H.) — Philosophe français, né et mort à Paris. Professeur au Collège de France (1900), membre de l’Académie des sciences morales et politiques (1901), de l’Académie française (1914) ainsi que de nombreuses académies étrangères, lauréat du prix Nobel de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bergson — ist der Name folgender Personen: Abram Bergson (1914–2003), amerikanischer Ökonom Bill Bergson, fiktive Figur Henri Bergson (1859–1941), französischer Philosoph Herb Bergson, amerikanischer Politiker Leif Bergson (1927–1999), schwedischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bergson — (izg. bergsȏn), Henri (1859 1941) DEFINICIJA francuski filozof, protivnik neokantizma, racionalizma, pozitivizma i filozofskog materijalizma; razvio je »procesualnu filozofiju« koja odbacuje statične vrijednosti u korist vrijednosti kretanja,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Bergson — Bergson, Henri …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bergson — Bergson, Henri Louis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bergson — (Henri) (1859 1941) philosophe français. Spiritualiste, il utilise les concepts de durée, de mémoire, d élan vital et d intuition: Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience (1889), Matière et Mémoire (1896), le Rire (1900), l évolution… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bergson — [berk sōn′; ] E [ berg′sən] Henri [än rē′] 1859 1941; Fr. philosopher Bergsonian [berg sō′nē ən] adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Bergson — Henri Bergson Henri Louis Bergson Philosophe Occidental Époque moderne Henri Bergson, Prix Nobel de littérature (1927) Naissance  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bergson — Bergsọn,   Henri, französischer Philosoph, * Paris 18. 10. 1859, ✝ ebenda 4. 1. 1941; war seit 1900 Professor am Collège de France in Paris, seit 1914 Mitglied der Académie française; erhielt 1928 (für 1927) den Nobelpreis für Literatur. Als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bergson — noun French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859 1941) • Syn: ↑Henri Bergson, ↑Henri Louis Bergson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑philosopher …   Useful english dictionary

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